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Children's (and Adult) Cavity Control

Long Island Cosmetic Dentists

Sugary snacks taste so good-but they aren't so good for your teeth or your body. The candies, cakes, cookies, and other sugary foods that kids love to eat between meals can cause tooth decay. Some sugary foods have a lot of fat in them too.

Kids who consume sugary snacks eat many different kinds of sugar every day, including table sugar (sucrose) and corn sweeteners (fructose). Starchy snacks can also break down into sugars once they're in your mouth.


Invisible germs called bacteria live in your mouth all the time. Some of these bacteria form a sticky material called plaque on the surface of the teeth. When you put sugar in your mouth, the bacteria in the plaque gobble up the sweet stuff and turn it into acids. These acids are powerful enough to dissolve the hard enamel that covers your teeth. That's how cavities get started. If you don't eat much sugar, the bacteria can't produce as much of the acid that eats away enamel.
Pick a variety of foods from these groups:

Fresh fruits and raw vegetables as berries, oranges, grapefruit, melons, pineapple, pears, tangerines, broccoli, celery, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, unsweetened fruit and vegetable juices, canned fruits in natural juices

Grains as bread, plain bagels, unsweetened cereals, un-buttered popcorn, tortilla chips (baked, not fried), pretzels (low-salt), pasta, plain crackers, milk and dairy products, low or non-fat milk, low or non-fat yogurt, low or non-fat cheeses

Chicken, turkey, sliced meats, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, nuts

Pizza, tacos, popcorn

Long Island Cosmetic Dentists
631-499-1800
What's wrong with sugary snacks ?
How do sugars attack your teeth?
Snack Smart Food List
Cavity Potential of Various Foods
Lowest
All fruits, vegetables, meats, and most dairy products, water and tea
Low
Popcorn, nuts, sugar free cereals, breads, diet soda, potato chips, pretzels, bagels, corn chips, crackers
Moderate
Sherbet, raisins, soda, juices, cookies, sugar coated cereals, syrups, honey, donuts and milk
High
Caramels, bridge mix, Reese's cups, Good & Plenty, granola and breakfast bars, Cracker Jacks, jelly beans, gummy bears, sno-caps, gum drops, skittles, Tootsie Rolls, jelly rings, Mary Janes, Juicjyfruits, M & M's, chocolate
Highest
All hard sucking candies, Tic tacs, Jaw breakers, Lollipops, Fruit Rollups, gum, charms, candy canes, mints. Energy and Sports drinks (related to very high acid content)
Snacking Tips
Most foods have the potential to cause cavities if they are consumed slowly over a long period of time.  Eating one candy every five minutes for an hour has a higher cavity potential than the same quantity of candy over a short period of time, for example 12 candies within five minutes. The same is true with the consumption of juices and soda.  Brushing, flossing and rinsing helps reduce the cavity potential but is no substitute for reducing the exposure frequency and duration of foods with a high sugar or starch content.
Snack Smart-Cavity Control
Photo from NIDCR
Gary L. Sandler, DDS & Bonnie E. Lipow, DDS
201 Moreland Road, Suite #8
Hauppauge, NY 11788
631-499-1800
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Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride-containing toothpaste. Preferably, brush after each meal and especially before going to bed.

Clean between your teeth daily with dental floss or interdental cleaners, such as the Oral-B Interdental Brush, Reach Stim-U-Dent, or Sulcabrush.

Eat nutritious and balanced meals and limit snacks. Avoid carbohydrates such as candy, pretzels and chips, which can remain on the tooth surface. If sticky foods are eaten, brush your teeth soon afterwards.


Check with your dentist about use of supplemental fluoride, which strengthens your teeth.

Ask your dentist about dental sealants (a plastic protective coating) applied to the chewing surfaces of your back teeth (molars) to protect them from decay.

The evidence is strong enough to support the regular use of xylitol-sweetened gum as a way to prevent caries, and it can be promoted as a public-health preventive measure. Chewing xylitol-sweetened gum, especially for patients who like chewing gum.

Visit your dentist regularly for professional cleanings and an oral exam.
TO PREVENT TOOTH DECAY
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